Learning and Development

Mathematical Development

Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in: counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems, and in describing shapes, spaces and measures.

Numbers: children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

Shape, space and measures: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.


Featured Downloads

Numbers and patterns: laying foundations in mathematics
This resource is intended to help practitioners working with children in the Early Years Foundation Stage to plan their mathematics provision and help children to secure some key mathematical ideas.

Children thinking mathematically
This booklet focuses on children’s mathematical development in numbers and shape, space and measure.