Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND)
"A child or young person has Special Educational Needs if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her."
"For children aged two or more, special educational provision is educational provision that is provided in addition to or different from that made generally available for children of the same age."
(SEND Code of Practice 2014)
The special educational needs and disability code of practice: 0-25 years (2014) sets out the statutory guidance for organisations who work with and support children with SEND. It outlines the support that should be provided for children with SEND and the processes for requesting an Education, Health and Care plan for a child.
It broadly outlines four areas in which a child may have one or more needs:
- Communication and interaction
- Cognition and learning
- Social, emotional and mental health
- Sensory and/or physical needs
The Department for Education have also published additional guidance for Early Years Practitioners and for Parents.